The Autocratic Trust Bias: Harbors and Democracy Authors: February You may download it by clicking on the icon to the left. Our results suggest a positive and linear per capita GDP-CO2 relationship, which is barely affected by any variations in political and institutional factors.
Exploring a set of well-known cases, we show that: Empirical studies of the relationship between GDP per capita and country-level CO2 emissions tend to focus on the direct effect of per capita GDP growth, rarely taking political institutions into consideration.
Experts, Coders, and Crowds: Explaining the Erosion of Democracy: These features both enable and incentivize politicians to pursue generous and universal welfare policies. Proponents of political finance regulations claim that public money reduces corruption in politics, while opponents worry that public subsidies have no impact on corruption and in some cases may add to it.
A key weaknesses of studies that aim to explain this inverted curvilinear relationship, however, is that they do not disaggregate the complex concept of democracy. April You may download it by clicking on the icon to the left.
Under what conditions do elections lead to democratization or conversely, sustain authoritarianism?
If we detect early warning signs of erosion, how concerned should we be that it will continue and culminate in the breakdown of democracy? The article compiles a new and original data set of measures of technical literacy across all states since the yearand used a factor analysis approach to construct latent measures of population and regime technical literacy for all country-years.
Data sets quantifying phenomena of social-scientific interest often use multiple experts to code latent concepts. Regimes of the World - Final.
Considering the long-term dimensions of institution building, this study indicates that most aspects of de-facto vertical accountability precede other forms of accountability.
This article argues that while the Internet has made mass mobilization easier than ever, its spread has also counter-intuitively allowed savvy authoritarian regimes to become more stable than ever. This paper tests these expectations using Varieties of Democracy data for elections in authoritarian regimes from toand finds that state capacity is negatively associated with incumbent turnover but positively associated with democratic change after incumbent turnover in electoral authoritarian regimes.
Political Institutions in the Long 19th Century Authors: Economic growth has become one of the leitmotivs academicians and pundits ask once and again to assess democratic endurance over time.
Even when accounting for country- and year-fixed effects and institutional features such as electoral system, regime type and state capacity, we find robust evidence that party institutionalization leads to more extensive, universal, and generous welfare arrangements.
Is this a new phenomenon, or are there close parallels with events in the past? Available for download here: The study of electoral contestation generally focuses on districts or regions rather than polities.
We show that there is a robust negative association between this measure and democracy in country and grid-cell analyses, and in instrumental variable models where harbor distance is instrumented by ocean distance.
Our findings suggest that producers of cross-national data sets should adopt IRT techniques to aggregate expert-coded data of latent concepts. Rachel Sigman, Staffan I. Can Economic Growth Hinder Democracy?
Employing recent measures of party institutionalization and welfare law features, we test implications from our argument on data covering countries and extending back to June You may download it by clicking on the icon to the left.BIEAP Inter 1st & 2nd Year Model PaperManabadi AP Intermediate Previous Paper, AP Senior intermediate Previous Model Question Papers Download for Telugu English Medium final year Exams.
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